HISTORY OF AUK CLASS MINESWEEPERS

A total of 92 Auk class minesweepers were built during World War II. 21 were built for the Royal Navy and transferred under Lend Lease. These were the first class of ocean going minesweepers designed during World War II and supplemented a number of trawlers acquired by the Navy to meet wartime demands. The first batch was authorized by Congress in 1940. The first one to join the service was Auk (AM-57) in January 1942 and the last was Pigeon (AM-374) in October 1945.

Eight of this class were lost during World War II; four in the Italian Campaign, one during Normandy, and three in the Pacific. As a tribute to their design, 36 went on to serve during the Korean War. Three were converted to oceanographic survey ships which served into the late 1960s. Two served in the Vietnam theater. The Surfbird (AM-383) was converted to a degaussing ship in 1957 and served until December 1970 as ADG-383. She was the last of the class in service with the U.S. Navy. The Pilot (AM-104) was sold to Mexico in February 1973; she was the last ship of the class in naval service.

SHIP LIST

Hull No. Ship Name Laid Down Launch Comm Status
AM 57 AUK 4/15/1941 8/26/1941 1/15/1942 Stricken 1 Aug 1956. No record of disposal.
AM 58 BROADBILL   5/21/1942 10/13/1942 Sold for scrap, Dec 1973.
AM 59 CHICKADEE   7/20/1942 11/9/1942 Decommissioned at Astoria OR, 15 May 1946.
AM 60 NUTHATCH 5/22/1941 9/16/1942 11/19/1942 Sunk as target of Pacific Fleet after stricken, Dec 1966.
AM 61 PHEASANT 7/22/1942 10/24/1942 12/12/1942 Sunk as target after stricken, Dec 1966.
AM 62 SHELDRAKE 6/24/1941 2/12/1942 10/14/1942 Converted to oceanographic survey ship in 1952. Sold for scrap, Nov 1971.
AM 63 SKYLARK 7/9/1941 3/12/1942 11/25/1942 Sunk by mine off Okinawa, 28 Apr 1945 (5 lost).
AM 64 STARLING 7/1/1941 4/11/1942 12/21/1942 Sold to Mexico, 16 Feb 1973; renamed Valentin Gomez Farias (G-11).
AM 65 SWALLOW 7/19/1941 5/6/1942 1/14/1943 Sunk by Japanese kamikaze off Okinawa, 22 Apr 1945. On 10 July 1957, the Secretary of the Navy authorized the donation of her sunken hulk to the government of the Ryukyu Islands.
AM 100 HEED   6/19/1942 2/27/1943 Stricken, 1 Mar 1967.
AM 101 HERALD   7/4/1942 3/23/1943 Stricken, 1 July 1972. Sold to Mexico Feb 1973, renamed Mariano Matamoros.
AM 102 MOTIVE 4/14/1942 8/17/1942 4/17/1943 Stricken, 1 Dec 1966; destroyed as a target by the Pacific Fleet in 1968.
AM 103 ORACLE 5/7/1942 9/30/1942 5/14/1943 Stricken, 1 Dec 1966; used as a target for the Pacific Fleet in the winter of 1967.
AM 104 PILOT 10/27/1941 6/5/1942 2/3/1943 Sold to Mexico, 1 Feb 1973; renamed Juan Aldarma.
AM 105 PIONEER 10/30/1941 7/26/1942 2/27/1943 Sold to Mexico, 1 Feb 1973; renamed Leandro Valle.
AM 106 PORTENT 11/15/1941 8/16/1942 4/3/1943 Struck a mine while patrolling near the Italian coast, and sank 22 January 1944.
AM 107 PREVAIL 11/15/1941 9/13/1942 4/17/1943 Converted to survey ship (AGS-20) in 1952. Sold for scrap, 13 Oct 1964.
AM 108 PURSUIT 11/12/1941 6/12/1942 4/30/1943 Converted to survey ship (AGS-17) in 1951. Stricken, 1 July 1960.
AM 109 REQUISITE 11/12/1941 7/25/1942 6/7/1943 Converted to survey ship (AGS-18) in 1951. Stricken, 1 Apr 1964.
AM 110 REVENGE 6/19/1942 11/7/1942 7/21/1943 Sold for scrap, May 1967.
AM 111 SAGE 7/29/1942 11/21/1942 8/23/1943 Sold to Mexico, 4 Nov 1973; renamed Hermenegildo Galeana (G-19).
AM 112 SEER 11/28/1941 5/23/1942 10/21/1942 Sold to Norway, 15 Dec 1962; renamed ULLER.
AM 113 SENTINEL 11/28/1941 5/23/1942 11/3/1942 Sunk by German aircraft off Sicily, 10 July 1943.
AM 114 STAFF   6/17/1942 11/1/1942 Sold for scrap 14 Nov 1967.
AM 115 SKILL 11/28/1941 6/22/1942 11/17/1942 Sunk, most likely by submarine, on 25 Sep 1943 off Salerno, Italy.
AM 116 SPEED 11/17/1941 4/18/1942 10/15/1942 Transferred to S. Korea, 17 Nov 1967; renamed SUNCHON (PCE-1002).
AM 117 STRIVE 11/17/1941 5/16/1942 10/27/1942 Transferred to Norway, 1 Oct 1959.
AM 118 STEADY 11/17/1941 6/6/1942 11/16/1942 Sold to Taiwan, 15 Aug 1967; renamed MO LING (PCE-70).
AM 119 SUSTAIN 11/17/1941 6/23/1942 11/9/1942 Sold to Norway, 1 Oct 1959.
AM 120 SWAY 11/18/1941 9/29/1942 7/20/1943 Sold to Mexico, 16 Feb 1973; renamed Ignaio Altamurano (G-12).
AM 121 SWERVE 5/27/1942 2/25/1943 1/23/1944 Struck a mine and sank off Anzio, Italy on 9 July 1944.
AM 122 SWIFT 6/27/1942 12/5/1942 12/29/1943 Stricken, 1 July 1972.
AM 123 SYMBOL 11/18/1941 7/2/1942 12/10/1942 Sold to Mexico, 19 Sep 1972; renamed Guillermo Prieto (G-02).
AM 124 THREAT 12/16/1941 8/15/1942 3/14/1943 Stricken, 1 July 1972.
AM 125 TIDE 3/16/1942 9/7/1942 5/9/1943 Sunk off coast of France after striking mine on 7 June 1944.
AM 126 TOKEN   3/28/1942   Stricken 1 Dec 1966.
AM 127 TUMULT 7/21/1941 4/19/1942 2/27/1943 Stricken, 1 May 1967.
AM 128 VELOCITY 7/21/1941 4/15/1942 4/4/1943 Sold to Mexico, 1 July 1972; renamed Ignacio L. Vallarta (G-14).
AM 129 VITAL 1/1/1942 9/7/1942   Transferred to Royal Navy, 18 May 1943; renamed STRENUOUS (J-338). Returned 10 Dec 1946. Declared surplus.
AM 130 USAGE 1/1/1942 10/4/1942   Transferred to Royal Navy, 7 June 1943; renamed TOURMALINE (J-339). Returned in Jan 1947. Sold to Turkey.
AM 131 ZEAL 1/12/1942 9/15/1942 7/9/1943 Sunk as a target, 9 Jan 1967.
AM 314 CHAMPION   12/12/1942 9/8/1943 Stricken 1 July 1972.
AM 315 CHIEF   1/5/1943 10/9/1943 Stricken, 1 July 1972.
AM 316 COMPETENT   1/30/1943 11/10/1943 Stricken 1 July 1972.
AM 317 DEFENSE   2/18/1943 1/10/1944 Stricken 1 July 1972.
AM 318 DEVASTATOR   4/19/1943 1/12/1944 Stricken 1 July 1972.
AM 319 GLADIATOR   5/7/1943 2/25/1944 Sold to Mexico, 19 Sep 1972; renamed SANTOS DEGOLLADO.
AM 320 IMPECCABLE   5/21/1943 4/24/1944 Sold by MarAd, 1 Apr 1974.
AM 321 HMS ELFREDA 9/7/1942 1/25/1943   Transferred to Royal Navy, 22 Dec 1943; named HMS ELFREDA (J-402). Returned to USN, 30 June 1947; sold to Turkey 13 Nov 1947; renamed CESME (M-505).
AM 322 SPEAR 10/28/1942 2/25/1943 12/31/1943 Sold to Mexico, 19 Sep 1972; renamed IGANACIO DE LA LLAVE (G-08).
AM 323 TRIUMPH 10/27/1942 2/25/1943 2/3/1944 Sold to Norway, 27 Jan 1961. Scrapped 1978.
AM 324 VIGILANCE 11/28/1942 4/5/1943 2/28/1944 Transferred to Phillipines, 19 Aug 1967; renamed QUESON (PS-70).
AM 340 ARDENT 2/20/1943 6/22/1943 5/25/1944 Sold to Mexico, 19 Sep 1972; renamed IGNACIO DE LA LLAVE (G-08).
AM 341 DEXTROUS   6/17/1943 9/8/1943 Placed in reserve, 31 Oct 1956.
AM 371 MINIVET 7/19/1944 11/8/1944 5/29/1945 Struck mine in Tsushima Straits and sank 29 Dec 1945 (31 killed).
AM 372 MURRELET 8/24/1944 12/29/1944 8/21/1945 Sold to Phillipine Republic, June 1965; renamed RIZAL (PCE-69).
AM 373 PEREGRINE 10/24/1944 2/17/1945 9/27/1945 Stricken 1 Feb 1969.
AM 374 PIGEON 11/10/1944 3/28/1945 10/30/1945 Stricken 1 Dec 1966 and sold for scrap.
AM 375 POCHARD 2/10/1944 6/11/1944 11/27/1944 Stricken 1 Dec 1966 and sold for scrap.
AM 376 PTARMIGAN 3/9/1944 7/15/1944 1/15/1945 Sold to South Korea, 25 July 1963.
AM 377 QUAIL 4/12/1944 8/20/1944 3/5/1945 Stricken 1 Dec 1966 and sold for scrap.
AM 378 REDSTART 6/14/1944   4/4/1945 Sold to Taiwan, 25 July 1963; renamed WU SHENG.
AM 379 ROSELLE 2/24/1944 8/29/1944 2/6/1945 Sold to Mexico, Feb 1973; renamed MELCHOR OCAMPO.
AM 380 RUDDY 2/24/1944 10/29/1944 4/28/1945 Sold to Peru, 1 Nov 1960; renamed GALVEZ.
AM 381 SCOTER 4/4/1944 9/26/1944 3/17/1945 Sold to Mexico, 19 Sep 1972; renamed MANUEL GUTIERREZ ZAMORA (G-10).
AM 382 SHOVELER 4/1/1944 12/10/1944 5/22/1945 Sold to Peru, 1 Nov 1960; renamed DIEZ CANSECO (MSF-69).
AM 383 SURFBIRD 2/15/1944 8/31/1944 11/25/1944 Converted to degaussing ship in 1957. Stricken in 1976; transferred to MarAd for disposal. Sold for commercial use; renamed HELENKA B.
AM 384 SPRIG 2/15/1944 9/15/1944 4/4/1945 Sold for scrap, Dec 1973.
AM 385 TANAGER 3/29/1944 12/9/1944 7/28/1945 Transferred to USCG, 4 Oct 1963. Decommissioned 1 Feb 1972 and sold 15 Nov 1972.
AM 386 TERCEL 5/16/1944 12/16/1944 8/21/1945 Stricken 1 July 1972.
AM 387 TOUCAN 2/16/1944 8/15/1944 11/25/1944 Sold to Taiwan, 22 Dec 1964.
AM 388 TOWHEE 3/21/1944 1/6/1945 5/18/1945 Converted to oceanographic research ship (AGS) in 1964. Sold for scrap 6 Mar 1970.
AM 389 WAXWING 5/24/1944 3/10/1945 8/6/1945 Sold to Taiwan, 14 Oct 1965; renamed CHU YANG (PCE-67).
AM 390 WHEATEAR 5/29/1944 4/21/1945 10/3/1945 Sold for scrap, Dec 1973.

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